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A Guide to the Conveyancing Process: Key Considerations for Buyers and Sellers

Posted by main.admin on May 26, 2024

What is Conveyancing?

The legal procedure by which ownership of a property is changed from the seller to the buyer is known as conveyancing. When an offer is accepted on a home, the conveyancing procedure begins. It ends when you finalize the purchase, pick up the keys, and your conveyancer completes any last-minute tasks like registering the property at the Land Registry under your name.

You might think about doing your conveyancing if you’re a cash buyer. It may be dangerous, though. You will often require a conveyancer to operate on your behalf. 

What do solicitors who handle conveyancing and conveyancers do?

Conveyors and conveyancing solicitors deal with the legal aspects of real estate transactions. They manage contracts, provide legal counsel, conduct searches, and move funds to cover the cost of your property.

The steps involved in Conveyancing

Conveyancing Process

The conveyancing procedure consists of several steps. This is our buyer’s step-by-step guide to the conveyancing procedure. 

Step 1: Hire a conveyancing attorney

Selecting the appropriate conveyancer or solicitor and giving them the go-ahead to begin handling the legal aspects of your purchase is the first step in the conveyancing process.

To be sure you’re getting a decent price, compare conveyancing quotes before choosing the conveyancing attorney the estate agent suggested for the home you’re purchasing. You can shop around and find a better conveyancer at a lower cost; you are not required to choose the conveyancer the estate agency suggests. Online case management, online document signing and verification, and other benefits may make using conveyancing services online more affordable and expedient.

After obtaining several conveyancing quotations from various companies, contact them to learn more about their operations. Utilize our guide, which outlines the crucial inquiries you should make of your conveyancing attorney, to go over the ten essential topics you should be aware of before moving further.

A conveyancing solicitor will do the necessary identity and anti-money laundering checks as soon as you give them instructions.A copy of the written contract and any other relevant information, such as the title to the property and the usual paperwork, will be requested, and a letter will be written to your seller’s solicitor to confirm that they have been instructed.

Step 2: Drafting the agreement and making inquiries

A first step in the conveyancing process is your solicitor reviewing the draft contract and any supporting documentation, as well as contacting the seller’s solicitor with questions. It is required of you to review the documents and papers the seller has filled out, such as the TA6 and TA10 forms, and to contact the solicitor with any questions or concerns.

Specifically, you should confirm if your new residence is freehold or leasehold by checking its tenure. See our advice on leasehold conveyancing if you’re purchasing a leasehold home, and don’t rely just on your solicitor to find out how long the lease is. This is an important bit of knowledge. Lessees with leases less than 80 years may have difficulties, as extending such a lease can be expensive and requires two years of property ownership. Avoid signing a lease for less than 60 years.

You want the home-buying process to go as smoothly as possible, so be careful to answer questions right away and get updates from your conveyancer and estate agent.

Step 3: Scheduling a survey of the property

Conveyancing Process

Even though it’s not required by law, doing a poll is a smart idea. Any significant issues will be highlighted in the survey report, which may also suggest further research. The type of survey you have completed will depend on your unique situation. You could wish to proceed with the purchase, renegotiate the price, or even decide to back out based on the survey’s results. Thus, it’s a good idea to schedule your home inspection as soon as possible throughout the legal procedure.

Your conveyancing solicitor can provide you with advice on what to do next after a survey has been completed. They can communicate with the seller’s solicitor about any concerns you wish to look into further or have repaired before you buy. You may wish to renegotiate the price if the survey identifies any substantial faults. Your conveyancing solicitor will need to be consulted to have any agreements in writing. 

Step 4: Looking for properties

Even after seeing the house with an estate agent or obtaining a survey, there are still things you might not know about it. A conveyancing solicitor will do a series of legal property searches as part of the house conveyancing procedure to make sure there are no additional variables you should be aware of. The solicitor will advise certain searches for every transaction, and the mortgage lender will mandate others to shield them from any potential liabilities related to the property.

Among these property searches are:

Local government searches: Is a highway planned to terminate where your new yard ends? Consider radioactive gas.

Verifying the Land Registry’s: “title register” and “title plan,” which are the official records attesting to the seller’s ownership. Legally, you must have both checks to sell.

Flood risk assessment: The Land Registry is another place to accomplish this. You might not need to purchase this search individually if you already have an environmental search (see below), as it will have far more detailed maps and information on floods.

Water authority: Look out for your water supplier and whether any public drains on the land might interfere with building or expansion projects by doing a water authority search. 

Step 5: Mortgage conveyancing

Conveyancing Process

You must arrange for your mortgage, which entails making sure you have the funds on hand for a down payment.

You will need to obtain a mortgage valuation as part of the mortgage application procedure. This is done on the mortgage company’s behalf to ensure that the property you are purchasing offers adequate security for the loan. Normally you would have to pay for it, but to draw business, a mortgage firm could include it at no cost to you. But choose the right mortgage for you; don’t allow a free assessment to deter you. Our associates at the prestigious brokerage L&C can assist you in locating the ideal mortgage. Additionally, unlike a lot of brokers, they don’t charge a charge to provide even more savings. Your solicitor will review the terms of your mortgage offer when it is issued by the lender and obtain a copy of it.

Step 6: Get insurance for properties

Before exchanging contracts, your lender—should you require a mortgage—will demand you obtain building insurance for your new residence. This is because once contracts are exchanged, you become accountable for the property. Thus, compare policies before exchanging to get the finest deal on the insurance. Obtain prices for house insurance right now.

Step 7: Contract signing

Your solicitor has been in contact with you on the contents of the draft contract since you received it from the seller’s attorney at the beginning of the home conveyancing process. Before the contract is signed, your attorney must make sure:

  • All inquiries have been satisfactorily answered.
  • that the fixtures and fittings (as listed in the TA10 form) that are part of the purchase are what you expected.
  • The two parties have decided on a completion date, which might vary greatly but is typically one to four weeks after the contracts are exchanged.

Step 8: Trade agreements

Conveyancing Process

One of the most crucial steps in the conveyancing process is exchanging contracts. A time and date for the contract exchange will be decided upon by you and the vendor. To ensure that the contracts are similar, your attorney will exchange them for you. Typically, two conveyancing lawyers accomplish this by reading the contracts aloud over the phone—a recorded process—then promptly mailing the documents to each other.

In a chain of home transactions, your conveyancer or solicitor will replicate the action, withholding release until all parties are satisfied, potentially causing delays if anyone withdraws or stalls.

Stage 9: Interval between completion and exchange

The conveyancing of your property is now nearing its conclusion. To process payment to the seller and submit your application to the Land Registry to transfer the deeds into your name. Your solicitor must file an interest in the property during the interval between exchange and completion.Freezing the property’s deeds for 30 working days will result from this action. The seller has the option to vacate (though they can wait until the day of completion).

To guarantee that everything is set up for your move-in day on time. You need to plan for your moving day and schedule your broadband and removal firm. 

Step 10: Final Day

Although in reality, completion occurs when the seller’s attorney certifies. That they have received the money owed, completion is often scheduled at noon on the designated day. The seller should then leave the keys at the estate agency so that you may pick them up. This indicates that you may move in and that the house conveyancing procedure is complete.

The sellers’ conveyancing procedure

Conveyancing Process

You should also be aware of the conveyancing procedure. If you’re selling a home. Some steps of the conveyancing procedure will no affect you that are exclusive to purchasers. You won’t have to apply, for instance, to search properties. However, there are a few more steps in the conveyancing process that you’ll need to do. For instance, you’ll need to fill out a TA6 property information form. A TA10 fixtures and fittings form, and other forms. You’ll also need to gather several papers that are necessary when selling. 


In NSW, purchasing or selling a property may be a complicated process. That requires a number of legal and administrative procedures. Knowing your precise duties and obligations in the conveyancing process is essential, whether you are the seller or the buyer. In addition to offering piece of mind. Hiring an experienced conveyancing solicitor or other legal expert may guarantee that the transaction complies with all applicable laws.

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